The world of blockchain is expanding steadily as the technology keeps finding new use cases. India ranks among the countries that are leading in adopting this technology. Reports emerged that India’s citizens will soon have the ability to cast votes from outside the cities where they registered using the blockchain-based system.
India’s Chief Election Commissioner Sunil Arora confirmed on February 13 that the country aims to increase voter turnout using a blockchain-based voting solution.
Blockchain Will Prevent Vote Loss
During the 2019 elections, almost 300 million eligible voters never voted due to lack of political engagement or being far from their registered voting district on election day, according to Arora. The country has over 450 million migrants who move around for education, marriage, or work, according to Times of India. They mostly move temporarily, which does not compel most to consider re-registering in the new districts.
The commissioner said that the regulators are working together with the Indian Institute of Technology to create a blockchain infrastructure that would enable citizens to vote remotely. Arora said that he expects the blockchain voting system will be put in the correct place and use during his tenure that is scheduled to end in April 2021.
He also added that there is a proposal currently pending with the ministry of law to connect citizen ID system Aadhaar and voter IDs. For now, blockchain is getting utilized by this system to enable Indian citizens to vote while away from their city of registration. The technology will also prevent voters from casting their votes multiple times.
Is Blockchain The Solution?
Even though paper ballots appear to be antiqued to some, many people oppose the idea of a digitized voting system, saying that they are vulnerable to hacks. According to previous reports, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s security analysis of Voatz resulted in allegations of cybersecurity vulnerabilities. Voatz is the self-styled first internet voting application implemented in the US federal elections.
Researchers said that it was possible to:
“Alter, stop, or expose a user’s vote, including a side-channel attack in which a completely passive network adversary can potentially recover a user’s secret ballot.”
Nevertheless, many still argue that blockchain is the solution that will make the entire electoral process fraud-proof. Andrew Yang, a former American presidential candidate, said in August that he planned to introduce blockchain-based mobile voting if he won the election.